Nowadays, many Russian girls dream to get married necessarily in a lush white dress. But this tradition came to us from Europe, and not so long ago - in the XIX century. Previously, the Russian girls got married in the sundress of any, but not white.
In many pagan civilizations, white symbolized death. In India, where most of the population professes Hinduism, white remains the color of mourning. Until now, Indian women who have lost loved ones wear a snow-white sari.
In the culture of any nation, the symbolism of the color of human apparel has always played an important role. So it was with the Russians. For example, in antiquity in the Slavic language the word “red” was synonymous with beauty, and “white” also meant pure. In the pantheon of Slavic pagan gods, Belobog was present as the personification of light forces.
The peasants of the “white week” called Maslenitsa days. Russian bogatyrs wore a white shirt under an armor before an important battle, and merchants put on it after a bath, before a difficult and dangerous road. And they did it in case they had to accept death: you need to meet her "clean", finish your life path prepared. In this sense, a white dress for a bride at a Slavic, Russian wedding was the most inappropriate choice.
Russian girls themselves sewed their wedding robes, and usually they were embroidered with symbolic amulets shirts and colored sundresses. A wealthy girl prepared a three-piece suit for a significant event. The first one was a girlish one, ordinary in terms of cut and material, but the best in execution was the “girlish” sundress in pink, yellow, green or blue. The second, wedding - sundress of expensive fabrics, as a rule, red, crimson or burgundy. He was embroidered with pearls, trimmed with gold threads, and in the northern edges - with expensive furs. The headdress, shoes, wedding ring and candles were usually sent by the groom along with the family rings and necklaces that the bride should have worn at the wedding.
On the second day of the wedding in the bridegroom's house, the girl appeared in the third dress - traditionally female attire with a matching headdress, symbolizing marriage, and with a wide belt at the waist. At the same time, fabrics for the costume were taken in hot gold, red and brown shades, and only occasionally in black - the color of the earth, on which life directly depended.
If white is the color of death, then how did the tradition of dressing a wedding in a white dress come about? Some historians believe that Anna Austrian has brought such wedding fashion. As a representative of the famous royal family of the Habsburgs, Anna was the daughter of the Spanish king, and at the time she was about to be married to the French monarch Louis XIII, Spain and France were on the verge of war. Anna did not want this marriage and frankly feared that her stay in a foreign land would end in death, so she chose a white dress for a wedding with Louis. The courtiers regarded it as an extravagant Spanish taste, because the swarthy girl in white was incredibly good and resembled a cake.
Two centuries later, in a white dress, she violated Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Alexandrina Victoria, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, breaking traditions. But it was already a tribute to fashion - by that time the ancient Roman and ancient Greek cultures were rediscovered in Europe. In all the noble houses they admired the beauty and brevity of the marble sculptures of the Greeks and Romans in long white robes. Then, even archaeologists did not suspect that the statues were once painted, and traces of paint on them simply did not survive.
After the wedding of the Queen of England, all her female subjects wanted to be in white at their own wedding. This trend has spread rapidly throughout Europe, including Russia. At first, only high-ranking Russian noblewomen who had spent their entire lives in Europe, were married in white dresses. And then, imitating them, and representatives of the rest of the estates decided to leave the annoying sundress to illiterate peasant women. It was prestigious and fashionable to get married in a church in a long white dress, if, of course, the bride’s family had the money to order it abroad or to local foreign dressmakers. And since then, little has changed.